A Review of Paediatric Malaria in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: 2006-2011

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A. T. O. Awopeju
L. E. Yaguo-Ide


Aim: To determine the pattern and prevalence of malaria in children attending the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.

Study Design: Retrospective review.

Place and Duration of Study: University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, 2006-2011.

Methodology: Demographic information and results of laboratory investigations of 27088 patients were retrieved from the laboratory register of the Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology.

Results: The results showed that 70.84% of the patients had malaria and 29.16% did not have malaria. Of the 19190 patients that had malaria, 10768 (56.11%) were male, 8422 (43.89%) were female. The occurrence of malaria between both sexes was significantly different (X2 = 14.60; p =0.0001). Among the patients, malaria was significantly higher (X2 = 27.86; p < 0.0001) in patients < 5 years (75.56), followed by patients between 5 – 10 years (17.03%) and patients between 10 – 16 years (7.32%). Severe malaria was found in 654 (3.41%) of the patients, which consisted of 380 (58.10%) male and 274 (41.90%) female patients. Severe malaria was also significantly higher (X2 = 111.47; p < 0.0001) in patients under 5 years (70.80%). The occurrence of malaria ranged from 69.15% to 73.93% between May and August (period of heavy rain). A decline in malaria prevalence from 72.38% to 59.17% was observed from 2008 to 2011.

Conclusion: The study showed a significant prevalence of severe malaria among children <5 years. It is recommended that the intermittent preventive treatment should be intensified among children in malaria endemic area to reduce prevalence and improve the quality of life of the children.

Malaria, neonates, paediatric, parasitemia, Port Harcourt.

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How to Cite
Awopeju, A. T. O., & Yaguo-Ide, L. E. (2017). A Review of Paediatric Malaria in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: 2006-2011. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 24(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/JAMMR/2017/33952
Original Research Article