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Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of blood banked platelet glue and blood banked fibrin glue as a local hemostatic agent after tooth extraction in patients diagnosed with acute leukemia with concomitant thrombocytopenia.
Study Design: Randomized clinical trial.
Place and Duration of Study: Hematology Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt between June 2015 and July 2016.
Methodology: 21 patients who underwent 60 dental extractions diagnosed with acute leukemia with concomitant thrombocytopenia; age between 25-45 years were included in this study. Patients were randomly allocated into three groups: Group I (control group) patients had underwent platelet transfusion before tooth extraction and was continued after the extraction if re-bleeding occurred, Group II (Fibrin Group) Fibrin glue used as a local hemostatic agent after tooth extraction; and Group III (Platelet group) platelet glue used as a local hemostatic agent after tooth extraction. Immediate and delayed evaluation by monitoring time to hemostasis (secs), postoperative complications; fever, localized gingival inflammation, disintegrated blood clot, wound dehiscence, wound infection and time in days for healing.
Statistical software SPSS v.17.0 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Time to hemostasis (secs) was 12.57 ± 1.51 sec, 9.57 ± 2.57 sec, and 9.43 ± 2.44 sec for group I, II and III respectively, significant difference at P- value (P≤0.05) was found between three groups. Wound healing time was 16.00 ± 3.51 days, 10.00 ± 1.00 days and 7.29 ± 0.95 days in Group I, Group II and Group III respectively, significant difference at P- value (P≤0.05) was found between three groups.
Conclusion: Blood banked platelet glue has excellent hemostatic action and can be used successfully as a local hemostasis after tooth extraction.