Comparing Diagnostic Performance of Pronto Dry Rapid Urease® and Culture to Histopathology among Endoscopy Patients at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi-Kenya

Main Article Content

Stephen Njoroge
Catherine Mwangi
Kimang’a Nyerere
Gunturu Revathi
Smita Devani
Allan Rajula
Rose Kamenwa
Nyamongo Onkoba
Fredrick Odhiambo

Abstract

Aim: This study sought to evaluate Pronto dry rapid urease® diagnostic test and compare its performance with culture.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration: From September 2017 to July 2018, across-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital.

Methodology: Patients attending endoscopy unit at the hospital were randomly sampled to provide gastric biopsy specimen. One specimen was tested for presence or absence of H. pylori using Pronto dry rapid urease® test and another specimen subjected to in vitro culture test which were then compared with histology reference results. Test validity and reliability was determined using Graph Pad Prism v5.01.

Results: Of 274 study specimens, 121(44%) were positive for histology. Ninety-one (33%) of the study specimen were positive for culture compared to 147(54%) for Pronto dry rapid urease®. Pronto dry rapid urease® test had sensitivity of 100% (97.5%-100%) against 73.6% (64.8%-81.3%) for culture. Specificity was 96.1% (91.1%-98.7%) for Pronto dry rapid urease® compared to 35.3% (95% CI 24.1%-47.8%) for culture. Positive predictive value was 96.7% (92.5-98.9%) for Pronto dry rapid urease® compared to 97.8% (92.3%-99.7%) for culture. Negative predictive value was 100% (97%-100%) for Pronto dry rapid urease® against 82.5% (76.2%-87.7%) for culture. There was significant difference between both Pronto dry rapid urease® and culture test performance with histology in all validity measures, P< 0.001. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between Pronto dry rapid urease® and culture in all validity measures due to overlapping confidence intervals.

Conclusion: Pronto dry rapid urease® out-performed culture in sensitivity and NPV. It would be the method of choice in H. pylori detection where histology is untenable and antimicrobial profiling which require culturing the bacterium is needless.

Keywords:
Helicobacter pylori, diagnosis, pronto dry rapid® urease test, biopsy, rapid urease, diagnostic tests

Article Details

How to Cite
Njoroge, S., Mwangi, C., Nyerere, K., Revathi, G., Devani, S., Rajula, A., Kamenwa, R., Onkoba, N., & Odhiambo, F. (2019). Comparing Diagnostic Performance of Pronto Dry Rapid Urease® and Culture to Histopathology among Endoscopy Patients at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi-Kenya. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 29(12), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/jammr/2019/v29i1230147
Section
Original Research Article

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