Main Article Content
Background: This bibliometric analysis was performed to assess the research trends and productivity from Saudi Arabia in the field of geriatrics.
Methods: In this descriptive study, we collected bibliometric data for manuscripts published from Saudi Arabia between the year 1980 to June 2018. Data were retrieved from PubMed; Embase; MEDLINE; CINAHL and Google Scholar using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms: “Saudi”, “Elder”, “Older”, “Gerontology”, “Seniors”, “Senility” “Geriatric” and “Ageing”. The number of published papers overall and citations per paper were also collected.
Results: From the publications analyzed between the year 1980 to June 2018, 91% of the articles were published between the years 2000 -2018, indicating the major contribution from Saudi Arabia in the field of geriatric research has been in the recent 20 years. In total, 34 publications were retrieved, of which, 85% were cross-sectional studies, with 66% of the studies carried out in hospitals or primary health care centers. The sub-topics with maximum number of publications included mental health, musculoskeletal health, and socio-gerontology. The most cited publications were related to the topics of depression, psychosocial health and osteoporosis.
Conclusions: Despite the recent increase in geriatric research in Saudi Arabia, the research output and quality of publications were low and did not address commonly seen geriatrics health conditions such as dementia, delirium and polypharmacy. More high quality research directed to address common geriatrics conditions is needed to better inform decision making. Building research capacities, enhancement of infrastructure, and provision of adequate support from funding bodies are required interventions to enable geriatric research in Saudi Arabia to operate at a maximum efficiency.
Abdulrahim S, Ajrouch KJ, Jammal A, Antonucci TC. Survey methods and aging research in an Arab sociocultural context--a case study from Beirut, Lebanon. The Journals of Gerontology Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2012;67(6):775-782.
Nations U. United Nations economic and social commission for Western Asia. The demographic profile of Saudi Arabia. In.; 2014.
El Rassi R, Meho LI, Nahlawi A, Salameh JS, Bazarbachi A, Akl EA. Medical research productivity in the Arab countries: 2007-2016 bibliometric analysis. Journal of Global Health. 2018;8(2):020411-020411.
Khoja AH, Aljawadi M, Alshammari SG, Mohamed AA, Al-Manaa H, Morlock L, Ahmed S, Khoja T. The health of Saudi older adults; Results from the Saudi National Survey for Elderly Health (SNSEH) 2006–2015. 2017;26.
AboelFetoh N, shibany A, Alenezi M, Alanazi K, Alanazi A, Alanazi T, Alanazi A, Alenezi F, Alanazi K, Alanazi A. Diabetes mellitus among adult male population of Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia. 2017;5.
Abolfotouh MA, Daffallah AA, Khan MY, Khattab MS, Abdulmoneim I. Psychosocial assessment of geriatric subjects in Abha City, Saudi Arabia. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit. 2001;7(3): 481-491.
Abolfotouh MA, Daffallah AA, Khan MY, Khattab MS, Abdulmoneim I. Central obesity in elderly individuals in South-Western Saudi Arabia: Prevalence and associated morbidity. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit. 2001;7(4-5):716-724.
Al-Modeer MA, Hassanien NS, Jabloun CM. Profile of morbidity among elderly at home health care service in Southern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family & Community Medicine. 2013;20(1):53.
Al-Shammari SA, Mazrou YA, Jarallah JS, Ansary LA, Ali MES, Bamgboye EA. Appraisal of clinical, psychosocial, and environmental health of elderly in Saudi Arabia: A household survey. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 2000;50(1):43-60.
Al‐Shammari SA, Al‐Subaie A. Prevalence and correlates of depression among Saudi elderly. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 1999;14(9):739-747.
Alshammari SA, Alzahrani AA, Alabduljabbar KA, Aldaghri AA, Alhusainy YA, Khan MA, Alshuwaier RA, Kariz IN. The burden perceived by informal caregivers of the elderly in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family & Community Medicine. 2017;24(3):145-150.
Al-Shehri SA. Oral health status of older people in residential homes in Saudi Arabia. Open Journal of Stomatology. 2012;2(04):307.
Al-Sinaidi AA. Periodontal health and oral hygiene practice of elderly Saudis living at Riyadh Nursing Home. King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences. 2012;3(1):1-5.
Alamri BH, Xiao LD. Health professionals’ knowledge and attitudes toward older people in primary care in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal. 2017;38(3):229.
Alamri SH, Bari AI, Ali AT. Depression and associated factors in hospitalized elderly: A cross-sectional study in a Saudi teaching hospital. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2017;37(2):122-129.
Alamri SH, Ashanqity OA, Alshomrani AB, Elmasri AH, Saeed MB, Yahya SA, Almasoud AI, Adam Y, Alamoudi HM, Mukhtar AM. Delirium and correlates of delirium among newly admitted elderly patients: A cross-sectional study in a Saudi general hospital. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2018;38(1):15-21.
Alamri SH. A low dose of risperidone resolved Charles Bonnet syndrome after an unsuccessful trial of quetiapine: A case report. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2018;14:809.
el-Fetoh NMA, Alanazi AM, Alotaibi HK, Alanazi KA, Ali AMB. Musculoskeletal diseases in elderly population of Arar City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. European Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2017;5(1).
Alkhunizan M, Alkhenizan A, Basudan L. Prevalence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in Saudi Arabia: A community-based study. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra. 2018;8(1):98-103.
Almegbel FY, Alotaibi IM, Alhusain FA, Masuadi EM, Al Sulami SL, Aloushan AF, Almuqbil BI. Period prevalence, risk factors and consequent injuries of falling among the Saudi elderly living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2018;8(1):e019063-e019063.
Al Saif A, Waly E, Alsenany S. The prediction of falls among older people in Saudi Arabia. J Am Sci. 2012;8:692-700.
Alsaif A, Alsenany S. Balance and prevention of fall among elderly. MOJ Gerontol Ger. 2018;3(1):65-69.
Al Senany S, Al Saif A. Assessment of physical health status and quality of life among Saudi older adults. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2015;27(6): 1691-1695.
Alsufiani H, Kumosani T, Ford D, Mathers J. Dietary patterns, nutrient intakes, and nutritional and physical activity status of Saudi older adults: A narrative review. J Aging Res Clin Pract. 2015;4:2-11.
Altamimi T. Healthy aging conceptualizations in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2016;5(4):601-610.
Alzahrani SH, Alamri SH. Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among hospitalized elderly patients in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. BMC Geriatrics. 2017;17(1): 136.
Alzahrani SH, El Sayed IA, Alshamrani SM. Prevalence and factors associated with geriatric malnutrition in an outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2016;36(5):346-351.
AlZarea BK. Prevalence and pattern of the elongated styloid process among geriatric patients in Saudi Arabia. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2017;12: 611.
El-Desouki MI. Osteoporosis in postmenopausal Saudi women using dual x-ray bone densitometry. Saudi Medical Journal. 2003;24(9):953-956.
El-Fetoh N, Mourad M, Almuneef M, Alotaibi W, Alshammari O, Alanazi A, Alanizi M. Psychiatric problems among geriatric population of Arar City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Prevalence and Determinants. 2016;4.
Ghazwani EY, Al-Musa HM. Depression among elderly subjects attending primary health care centers in Abha City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. World Family Medicine Journal: Incorporating the Middle East Journal of Family Medicine. 2013; 99(1141):1-13.
Jarallah JS, Al-Shammari SA. Factors associated with health perception of Saudi elderly. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology. 1999;14(4):323-334.
Karlin NJ, Weil J, Felmban W. Aging in Saudi Arabia: An exploratory study of contemporary older persons' views about daily life, health, and the experience of aging. Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine. 2016;2:2333721415623911.
Mansour A, Laing G. Research concerns: Aging as perceived by Saudi elders. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 1994;20(6):11-16.
Rasheed A, Elham MAF. Alzheimer's disease from the perspectives of Saudi elderly people. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2015;23(8):1787-1796.
Saquib N, Saquib J, Alhadlag A, Albakour MA, Aljumah B, Sughayyir M, Alhomidan Z, Alminderej O, Aljaser M, Al-Mazrou A. Chronic disease prevalence among elderly Saudi men. International Journal of Health Sciences. 2017;11(5):11.
Alqarni AM, Vennu V, Alshammari SA, Bindawas SM. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the arabic version of the physical activity scale for the elderly among community-dwelling older adults in Saudi Arabia. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2018;13:419.
Sung NS, Crowley Jr WF, Genel M, Salber P, Sandy L, Sherwood LM, Johnson SB, Catanese V, Tilson H, Getz K. Central challenges facing the national clinical research enterprise. Jama. 2003;289(10): 1278-1287.