Review of Gynaecological Diagnoses and Surgeries Performed at a Tertiary Health Facility in Niger-Delta of Nigeria from 2012-2017: Implications for Healthcare Planning and Budgeting

Main Article Content

P. A. Awoyesuku
D. A. MacPepple
B. O. Altraide
D. H. John


Background: Gynaecological disorders are a particularly common cause of morbidity and mortality among women of reproductive age and a common cause of hospital presentation/admission and surgery.

Objective: This study sought to review gynaecological diagnoses and surgeries performed in a tertiary health facility from 2012 to 2017 and its implication for healthcare planning and budgeting.

Methodology: This was a retrospective review of all gynaecological diagnoses and surgeries seen in the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital (RSUTH) from 2012 to 2017. Data were retrieved using a proforma comprising of year, gynaecological diagnosis and gynaecological surgeries. Data obtained was entered into Microsoft Excel for descriptive analysis.

Results: The proportion of clinic attendees declined from an average of 23% in the first three years (2012-2014) to about 10% in the last three years (2015-2017). The most common gynaecological diagnosis were uterine fibroid (33.3%), infertility 28.1% (primary 5.7%, secondary 22.4%), PID (5.9%), ovarian tumour (4.2%), secondary amenorrhea (3.4%) and pelvic malignancies (3.4%). The commonest major surgeries were myomectomy 441(33.7%), salpingectomy 345(26.4%), hysterectomy 168(12.8%) and cervical cerclage 122(9.3%). The commonest minor surgeries were manual vacuum aspiration 314(41.0%), examination under anaesthesia and biopsy 110(14.3%) and adhesiolysis for synechiae 97(12.6%). The duo of uterine fibroid and infertility made up 50%-70% of all gynaecological diagnoses.

Conclusion: This study showed that there has been a steady decline in gynaecological consultations over the years. However, the duo of uterine fibroid and infertility made up half to three-quarter of all gynaecological diagnoses over the 6 years. Infertility and uterine fibroids have a long cause and effect association. Healthcare policies and budgeting should be increased towards tackling these conditions, especially the setting up of a fertility center to provide assisted reproductive technologies and laparoscopy to improve practice and patient outcome.

Gynaecological disorders, gynaecological surgeries, healthcare budgeting, tertiary health.

Article Details

How to Cite
Awoyesuku, P. A., MacPepple, D. A., Altraide, B. O., & John, D. H. (2020). Review of Gynaecological Diagnoses and Surgeries Performed at a Tertiary Health Facility in Niger-Delta of Nigeria from 2012-2017: Implications for Healthcare Planning and Budgeting. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 32(2), 1-10.
Review Article


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